In order to meet the extended battery life and performance requirements of future mo-bile devices, memory systems must be able to operate in near-zero power standby states while maintaining very fast wake-up times. Building on the FlexClocking™ archi-tecture, Advanced Power State Management (APSM) features ultra-fast transition times between various power saving and active operating modes to reduce memory system power and maximize system responsiveness.

  • Reduced power consumption with quick turn-off and transition into low-power mode
  • Maximizes system responsiveness with quick transitions from low-power to ac-tive
  • Optimized power consumption for all usage profiles

What is Advanced Power State Management?

Advanced Power State Management block diagram

FlexClocking Architecture with Advanced Power State Management

Mobile devices and their associated applications are “bursty” in nature—spending the majority of the time in stand-by, and performing sporadic requests rather than a con-stant stream of processes. In order to provide superior performance and optimal power efficiency across all operating modes requires a mobile memory architecture that is ca-pable of switching quickly between active and idle (or power down) states and back again.

Clock power is saved by synchronously “pausing” the clock distribution at its root which cleanly turns off clocks to circuitry in both the controller and the DRAM. As shown in the figure below, the root of the distribution circuitry is located at the output of the clock multiplier located in the PLL block.

The design supports three low-power states and one active state which are responsive to command traffic from the memory controller. These states are described in the table below:

P1 – Deep Power DownOnly leakage power is consumed
P2 – Power DownOnly the clock multiplier is turned on
P3 – IdleThe clock distribution is paused
P4 – ActiveThe memory controller interface and DRAM interface are active

Who Benefits?

The ideal mobile device would spend it’s stand-by time drawing near-zero power while remaining at-the-ready to quickly answer calls, get directions, or check restaurant re-views—fast transition times are key to achieving this level of performance. By improving the total power consumption and responsiveness of a mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets, end-users are able to experience longer batter life, faster wake-up times and a noticeable improvement in system performance.