- Delivered strong Q1 results at high end of revenue and profitability targets
- Product revenue of $30.8 million, up 41% quarter over quarter, consisting primarily of memory interface chips
- Generated $39.5 million in cash provided by operating activities
SAN JOSE, Calif. – May 3, 2021 – Rambus Inc. (NASDAQ:RMBS), a provider of industry-leading chips and IP making data faster and safer, today reported financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2021. GAAP revenue for the first quarter was $70.4 million; licensing billings were $63.5 million, product revenue was $30.8 million, and contract and other revenue was $10.7 million. The Company also generated $39.5 million in cash provided by operating activities.
“Rambus executed well in the first quarter, with revenue and earnings at the high end of expectations, and strong cash generation fueling investment in our product roadmap,” said Luc Seraphin, chief executive officer of Rambus. “Ongoing share gains for memory interface chips and strong demand in Cloud and other target markets are driving topline growth for the company. We are pleased with our customer momentum and are confident in the Company’s ability to deliver ongoing profitable growth.”
|Quarterly Financial Review – GAAP||
Three Months Ended
|(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)||2021||2020|
|Contract and other revenue||10.7||13.6|
|Cost of product revenue||$11.4||$10.3|
|Cost of contract and other revenue||$1.6||$1.2|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets (included in total cost of revenue)||$4.4||$4.4|
|Total operating expenses (1)||$56.5||$59.4|
|Diluted net loss per share||$(0.02)||$(0.06)|
|Net cash provided by operating activities||$39.5||$37.3|
(1) Includes amortization of acquired intangible assets of approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
|Quarterly Financial Review – Non-GAAP (including operational metric) (1)||
Three Months Ended
|Licensing billings (2)||$63.5||$67.1|
|Contract and other revenue||$10.7||$13.6|
|Cost of product revenue||$11.3||$10.3|
|Cost of contract and other revenue||$1.6||$1.2|
|Total operating expenses||$45.3||$51.9|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||$(0.6)||$1.2|
|Diluted share count||116||115|
(1) See “Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results” table included below. Note that the applicable non-GAAP measures are presented and that revenue and cost of contract and other revenue are solely presented on a GAAP basis.
(2) Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences.
GAAP revenue for the quarter was $70.4 million, at the high end of the Company’s expectations. The Company also had licensing billings of $63.5 million, product revenue of $30.8 million, and contract and other revenue of $10.7 million. The Company had total GAAP cost of revenue of $17.4 million and operating expenses of $56.5 million. The Company also had total non-GAAP operating expenses of $58.2 million (which includes non-GAAP cost of revenue), lower than the midpoint of its expectations. The Company had GAAP diluted net loss per share of $0.02. The Company’s basic share count was 112 million shares and its diluted share count would have been 116 million shares. Due to the Company’s strong performance and focus on operational efficiency, the Company delivered a strong first quarter, at the high end of its expectations on revenue and profit.
Cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities as of March 31, 2021 were $529.1 million, an increase of $26.5 million from December 31, 2020, mainly due to $39.5 million in cash provided by operating activities.
2021 Second Quarter Outlook
The Company will discuss its full revenue guidance for the second quarter of 2021 during its upcoming conference call. The following table sets forth second quarter outlook for other measures.
|(In millions)||GAAP||Non-GAAP (1)|
|Licensing billings (2)||$60 – $66||$60 – $66|
|Product revenue||$30 – $36||$30 – $36|
|Contract and other revenue||$8 – $14||$8 – $14|
|Total operating costs and expenses||$74 – $70||$61 – $57|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||($1)||($1)|
|Diluted share count||116||116|
(1) See “Reconciliation of GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates” table included below. Note that the applicable non-GAAP measures are presented, and that revenue is solely presented on a GAAP basis.
(2) Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences. This metric is the same for both GAAP and non-GAAP presentations.
For the second quarter of 2021, the Company expects licensing billings to be between $60 million and $66 million. The Company also expects royalty revenue to be between $32 million and $38 million, product revenue to be between $30 million and $36 million and contract and other revenue to be between $8 million and $14 million. Revenue is not without risk and achieving revenue in this range will require that the Company sign customer agreements for various product sales, solutions licensing among other matters.
The Company also expects operating costs and expenses to be between $74 million and $70 million. Additionally, the Company expects non-GAAP operating costs and expenses to be between $61 million and $57 million. These expectations also assume non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net, of ($1 million), tax rate of 24% and diluted share count of 116 million, and exclude stock-based compensation expense ($8 million), amortization expense ($5 million), non-cash interest expense on convertible notes ($2 million) and interest income related to the significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements ($2 million).
The Company’s management will discuss the results of the quarter during a conference call scheduled for 2:00pm PT today. The call, audio and slides will be available online at investor.rambus.com and a replay will be available for the next week at the following numbers: (855) 859-2056 (domestic) or (404) 537-3406 (international) with ID# 3985069.
Non-GAAP Financial Information
In the commentary set forth above and in the financial statements included in this earnings release, the Company presents the following non-GAAP financial measures: operating expenses and interest and other income (expense), net. In computing each of these non-GAAP financial measures, the following items were considered as discussed below: stock-based compensation expense, acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, restructuring charges, expense on abandoned operating leases, restatement and shareholder activist costs, facility restoration costs, change in fair value of earn-out liability, non-cash interest expense and certain other one-time adjustments. The non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by the Company should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and the financial results calculated in accordance with GAAP and reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated. Management believes the non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate for both its own assessment of, and to show investors, how the Company’s performance compares to other periods. The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. Reconciliation from GAAP to non-GAAP results is included in the financial statements contained in this release.
The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items:
Stock-based compensation expense. These expenses primarily relate to employee stock options, employee stock purchase plans, and employee non-vested equity stock and non-vested stock units. The Company excludes stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP measures primarily because such expenses are non-cash expenses that the Company does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Additionally, given the fact that other companies may grant different amounts and types of equity awards and may use different option valuation assumptions, excluding stock-based compensation expense permits more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with peer companies.
Acquisition-related/divestiture costs and retention bonus expense. These expenses include all direct costs of certain acquisitions, divestitures and the current periods’ portion of any retention bonus expense associated with the acquisitions. The Company excludes these expenses in order to provide better comparability between periods as they are related to acquisitions and divestitures and have no direct correlation to the Company’s operations.
Amortization of acquired intangible assets. The Company incurs expenses for the amortization of intangible assets acquired in acquisitions. The Company excludes these items because these expenses are not reflective of ongoing operating results in the period incurred. These amounts arise from the Company’s prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of the Company’s core business.
Restructuring charges. These charges may consist of severance, contractual retention payments, exit costs and other charges and are excluded because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.
Expense on abandoned operating leases. Reflects the expense on building leases that were abandoned. The Company excludes these charges because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.
Restatement and shareholder activist costs. These charges consist of costs associated with our restatement of our financial statements and certain shareholder activist costs and are excluded because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.
Facility restoration costs. These charges consist of exit costs associated with our leased office space and are excluded because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.
Change in fair value of earn-out liability. This change is due to a reduction of acquisition purchase consideration. This is a non-recurring benefit that has no direct correlation to the operation of the Company’s business.
Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes. The Company incurs non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes. The Company excludes non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes to provide more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with other peer companies and to more accurately reflect the Company’s ongoing operations.
Income tax adjustments. For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future periods that assume net income from operations, the Company estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 24 percent for both 2021 and 2020, which consists of estimated U.S. federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the relevant years to assist the Company’s planning.
On occasion in the future, there may be other items, such as significant gains or losses from contingencies that the Company may exclude in deriving its non-GAAP financial measures if it believes that doing so is consistent with the goal of providing useful information to investors and management.
This release contains forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including those relating to drivers of the Company’s topline growth, the Company’s ability to deliver ongoing profitable growth, and the Company’s outlook for the second quarter of 2021. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections, management’s beliefs and certain assumptions made by the Company’s management. Actual results may differ materially. The Company’s business generally is subject to a number of risks which are described more fully in Rambus’ periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as the potential adverse impacts related to, or arising from, the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.
Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
|Cash and cash equivalents||$109,554||$136,146|
|Prepaids and other current assets||11,616||15,881|
|Total current assets||724,336||699,712|
|Intangible assets, net||31,872||36,487|
|Property, plant and equipment, net||53,687||57,693|
|Operating lease right-of-use assets||27,214||28,708|
|Deferred tax assets||4,372||4,353|
|Unbilled receivables, long-term||207,016||236,699|
|LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY|
|Accrued salaries and benefits||14,113||23,326|
|Income taxes payable, short-term||20,186||20,064|
|Operating lease liabilities||7,026||4,724|
|Other current liabilities||17,741||18,559|
|Total current liabilities||80,402||85,864|
|Convertible notes, long-term||157,905||156,031|
|Long-term operating lease liabilities||32,535||34,305|
|Long-term income taxes payable||36,391||41,333|
|Deferred tax liabilities||14,711||14,276|
|Other long-term liabilities||4,430||6,894|
|Total long-term liabilities||245,972||252,839|
|Total stockholders’ equity||909,406||912,706|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$1,235,780||$1,251,409|
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
|Three Months Ended
|Contract and other revenue||10,742||13,567|
|Cost of revenue:|
|Cost of product revenue||11,410||10,343|
|Cost of contract and other revenue||1,556||1,198|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||4,386||4,344|
|Total cost of revenue||17,352||15,885|
|Research and development||32,354||36,664|
|Sales, general and administrative||23,562||23,306|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||229||348|
|Change in fair value of earn-out liability||—||(1,800)|
|Total operating expenses||56,513||59,354|
|Interest income and other income (expense), net||2,981||6,443|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||367||3,888|
|Loss before income taxes||(3,116)||(5,574)|
|Provision for (benefit from) income taxes||(503)||965|
|Net loss per share:|
|Weighted average shares used in per share calculation|
Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results
|Three Months Ended
|Cost of product revenue||$11,410||$10,343|
|Stock-based compensation expense||(89)||—|
|Non-GAAP cost of product revenue||$11,321||$10,343|
|Total operating expenses||$56,513||$59,354|
|Stock-based compensation expense||(6,501)||(6,072)|
|Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense||(655)||(1,577)|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||(229)||(348)|
|Expense on abandoned operating leases||(521)||—|
|Restatement and shareholder activist costs||(2,956)||—|
|Facility restoration costs||—||(411)|
|Change in fair value of earn-out liability||—||1,800|
|Non-GAAP total operating expenses||$45,283||$51,910|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||$367||$3,888|
|Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements||(2,842)||(4,437)|
|Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes||1,874||1,773|
|Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net||$(601)||$1,224|
Reconciliation of GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates
|2021 Second Quarter Outlook||Three Months Ended
June 30, 2021
|Forward-looking operating costs and expenses||$73.7||$69.7|
|Stock-based compensation expense||(8.0)||(8.0)|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets
|Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses||$61.0||$57.0|
|Forward-looking interest and other income (expense), net||$(0.5)||$(0.5)|
|Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements||(2.4)||(2.4)|
|Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes||1.9||1.9|
|Forward-looking Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net||$(1.0)||$(1.0)|