- Delivered strong Q4 revenue and earnings in line with guidance
- Produced record annual product revenue driven by memory interface chips, up 58% year over year
- Generated record cash from operations of $230.4 million for full year 2022
SAN JOSE, Calif. – February 6, 2023 – Rambus Inc. (NASDAQ:RMBS), a provider of industry-leading chips and IP making data faster and safer, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2022. GAAP revenue for the fourth quarter was $122.4 million; licensing billings were $64.3 million, product revenue was $67.2 million, and contract and other revenue was $23.8 million. The Company also generated $51.3 million in cash provided by operating activities in the fourth quarter.
“Rambus delivered a tremendous performance in 2022, achieving record annual product revenue and cash from operations,” said Luc Seraphin, chief executive officer of Rambus. “Our strategic focus on the data center and strong execution across our diverse offerings continues to drive the company’s long-term profitable growth and enables consistent capital returns to our stockholders.”
|Quarterly Financial Review – GAAP||Three Months Ended December 31,|
|(In millions, except for percentages and per share amounts)||2022||2021|
|Contract and other revenue||23.8||13.6|
|Cost of product revenue||$28.2||$13.4|
|Cost of contract and other revenue||$1.6||$0.7|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets (included in total cost of revenue)||$3.6||$3.6|
|Total operating expenses (1)||$72.8||$65.1|
|Diluted net income per share||$0.14||$0.05|
|Net cash provided by operating activities||$51.3||$72.2|
(1) Includes amortization of acquired intangible assets of approximately $0.4 million for both the three months ended December 31, 2022 and 2021.
|Quarterly Financial Review – Supplemental Information(1)||Three Months Ended
|Licensing billings (operational metric) (2)||$64.3||$66.6|
|Product revenue (GAAP)||$67.2||$45.3|
|Contract and other revenue (GAAP)||$23.8||$13.6|
|Non-GAAP cost of product revenue||$28.1||$13.3|
|Cost of contract and other revenue (GAAP)||$1.6||$0.7|
|Non-GAAP total operating expenses||$55.8||$51.4|
|Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net||$(0.7)||$(1.1)|
|Diluted share count (GAAP)||111||115|
(1) See “Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results” table included below.
(2) Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences relating to advanced payments for variable licensing agreements.
GAAP revenue for the quarter was $122.4 million. The Company also had licensing billings of $64.3 million, product revenue of $67.2 million, and contract and other revenue of $23.8 million. The Company had total GAAP cost of revenue of $33.4 million and operating expenses of $72.8 million. The Company also had total non-GAAP operating expenses of $85.4 million (including non-GAAP cost of revenue). The Company’s annual product revenue increased 58% year over year as the Company continues to gain market share. The Company had GAAP diluted net income per share of $0.14. The Company’s basic share count was 108 million shares and its diluted share count was 111 million shares.
Cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities as of December 31, 2022 were $313.2 million, an increase of $48.4 million as compared to September 30, 2022, mainly due to cash provided by operating activities of approximately $51.3 million. Cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2022 was $230.4 million, an increase of $21.2 million or 10%, from the same period in the prior year.
2023 First Quarter Outlook
The Company will discuss its full revenue guidance for the first quarter of 2023 during its upcoming conference call. The following table sets forth first quarter outlook for other measures.
|(In millions)||GAAP||Non-GAAP (1)|
|Licensing billings (operational metric) (2)||$61- $67||$61- $67|
|Product revenue||$57 – $63||$57 – $63|
|Contract and other revenue||$19 – $25||$19 – $25|
|Total operating costs and expenses||$104 – $100||$87 – $83|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||$0||($1)|
|Diluted share count||110||110|
(1) See “Reconciliation of GAAP Forward Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward Looking Estimates” tables included below. Note that the applicable non-GAAP measures are presented, and that revenue is solely presented on a GAAP basis.
(2) Licensing billings is an operational metric that reflects amounts invoiced to our licensing customers during the period, as adjusted for certain differences relating to advanced payments for variable licensing agreements. This metric is the same for both GAAP and non-GAAP presentations.
For the first quarter of 2023, the Company expects licensing billings to be between $61 million and $67 million. The Company also expects royalty revenue to be between $25 million and $31 million, product revenue to be between $57 million and $63 million and contract and other revenue to be between $19 million and $25 million. Revenue is not without risk and achieving revenue in this range will require that the Company sign customer agreements for various product sales and solutions licensing, among other matters.
The Company also expects operating costs and expenses to be between $104 and $100 million. Additionally, the Company expects non-GAAP operating costs and expenses to be between $87 million and $83 million. These expectations also assume non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net, of ($1 million), tax rate of 24% and diluted share count of 110 million, and exclude stock-based compensation expense ($13 million), amortization expense ($4 million), non-cash interest expense on convertible notes ($0.1 million) and interest income related to the significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements ($1 million).
Rambus management will discuss the results of the quarter during a conference call scheduled for 2:00 p.m. PT today. The call will be webcast and can be accessed via Rambus’ website at investor.rambus.com. A replay will be available following the call on the Rambus Investor Relations website or for one week at the following numbers: (866) 813-9403 (domestic) or (+44) 204-525-0658 (international) with ID# 579366.
Non-GAAP Financial Information
In the commentary set forth above and in the financial statements included in this earnings release, the Company presents the following non-GAAP financial measures: cost of product revenue, operating expenses and interest and other income (expense), net. In computing each of these non-GAAP financial measures, the following items were considered as discussed below: stock-based compensation expenses, acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets, expense on abandoned operating leases, change in fair value of earn-out liability, non-cash interest expense and certain other one-time adjustments. The non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by the Company should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and the financial results calculated in accordance with GAAP and reconciliations from these results should be carefully evaluated. Management believes the non-GAAP financial measures are appropriate for both its own assessment of, and to show investors, how the Company’s performance compares to other periods. The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies. Reconciliation from GAAP to non-GAAP results is included in the financial statements contained in this release.
The Company’s non-GAAP financial measures reflect adjustments based on the following items:
Stock-based compensation expense. These expenses primarily relate to employee stock options, employee stock purchase plans, and employee non-vested equity stock and non-vested stock units. The Company excludes stock-based compensation expense from its non-GAAP measures primarily because such expenses are non-cash expenses that the Company does not believe are reflective of ongoing operating results. Additionally, given the fact that other companies may grant different amounts and types of equity awards and may use different option valuation assumptions, excluding stock-based compensation expense permits more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with peer companies.
Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense. These expenses include all direct costs of certain acquisitions and the current period’s portion of any retention bonus expense associated with the acquisitions. The Company excludes these expenses in order to provide better comparability between periods as they are related to acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the Company’s operations.
Amortization of acquired intangible assets. The Company incurs expenses for the amortization of intangible assets acquired in acquisitions. The Company excludes these items because these expenses are not reflective of ongoing operating results in the period incurred. These amounts arise from the Company’s prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of the Company’s core business.
Expense on abandoned operating leases. Reflects the expense on building leases that were abandoned. The Company excludes these charges because such charges are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.
Change in fair value of earn-out liability. This change is due to adjustments to acquisition purchase consideration. The Company excludes these adjustments because such adjustments are not directly related to ongoing business results and do not reflect expected future operating expenses.
Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes. The Company incurs non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes. The Company excludes non-cash interest expense related to its convertible notes to provide more accurate comparisons of the Company’s results with other peer companies and to more accurately reflect the Company’s ongoing operations.
Income tax adjustments. For purposes of internal forecasting, planning and analyzing future periods that assume net income from operations, the Company estimates a fixed, long-term projected tax rate of approximately 24% for both 2022 and 2021, which consists of estimated U.S. federal and state tax rates, and excludes tax rates associated with certain items such as withholding tax, tax credits, deferred tax asset valuation allowance and the release of any deferred tax asset valuation allowance. Accordingly, the Company has applied these tax rates to its non-GAAP financial results for all periods in the relevant years to assist the Company’s planning.
On occasion in the future, there may be other items, such as significant gains or losses from contingencies that the Company may exclude in deriving its non-GAAP financial measures if it believes that doing so is consistent with the goal of providing useful information to investors and management.
This release contains forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including those relating to Rambus’ expectations regarding business opportunities, the Company’s ability to deliver long-term, profitable growth, product and investment strategies, and the Company’s outlook and financial guidance for the first quarter of 2023 and related drivers, and the Company’s ability to effectively manage supply chain shortages. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections, management’s beliefs and certain assumptions made by the Company’s management. Actual results may differ materially. The Company’s business generally is subject to a number of risks which are described more fully in Rambus’ periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as the potential adverse impacts related to, or arising from, the COVID-19 and its variants. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof.
Senior Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
|(In thousands)||December 31,
|Cash and cash equivalents||$125,334||$107,891|
|Prepaids and other current assets||12,022||10,600|
|Total current assets||527,214||684,364|
|Intangible assets, net||50,880||58,420|
|Property, plant and equipment, net||86,255||56,035|
|Operating lease right-of-use assets||24,143||23,712|
|Deferred tax assets||3,031||4,047|
|LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY|
|Accrued salaries and benefits||20,502||20,945|
|Income taxes payable||18,137||20,607|
|Operating lease liabilities||5,024||5,992|
|Other current liabilities||23,992||20,002|
|Total current liabilities||126,709||267,267|
|Long-term operating lease liabilities||29,079||29,099|
|Long-term income taxes payable||5,892||21,424|
|Deferred tax liabilities||24,964||23,985|
|Other long-term liabilities||46,653||28,475|
|Total long-term liabilities||106,588||102,983|
|Total stockholders’ equity||779,297||862,396|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$1,012,594||$1,232,646|
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
|Three Months Ended
|(In thousands, except per share amounts)||2022||2021||2022||2021|
|Contract and other revenue||23,753||13,614||87,909||47,663|
|Cost of revenue:|
|Cost of product revenue||28,209||13,408||88,976||49,397|
|Cost of contract and other revenue||1,615||727||4,668||4,756|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||3,560||3,603||13,935||16,241|
|Total cost of revenue||33,384||17,738||107,579||70,394|
|Research and development||40,121||36,263||158,769||135,678|
|Sales, general and administrative||27,309||23,101||106,718||91,057|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||415||409||1,674||1,226|
|Restructuring and other charges||—||—||—||368|
|Change in fair value of earn-out liability||5,000||5,300||3,111||5,300|
|Total operating expenses||72,845||65,073||270,272||233,629|
|Interest income and other income (expense), net||835||1,623||7,771||9,711|
|Gain on fair value of equity security||—||—||3,547||—|
|Loss on extinguishment of debt||—||—||(83,626)||—|
|Loss on fair value adjustment of derivatives, net||—||—||(10,585)||—|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||351||(1,114)||(84,767)||(995)|
|Income (loss) before income taxes||16,489||7,856||(7,825)||23,286|
|Provision for income taxes||540||1,751||6,485||4,952|
|Net income (loss)||$15,949||$6,105||$(14,310)||$18,334|
|Net income (loss) per share:|
|Weighted average shares used in per share calculation:|
Supplemental Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Result
|Three Months Ended|
|Cost of product revenue||$28,209||$13,408|
|Stock-based compensation expense||(144)||$(112)|
|Non-GAAP cost of product revenue||$28,065||$13,296|
|Total operating expenses||$72,845||$65,073|
|Stock-based compensation expense||(10,122)||(6,092)|
|Acquisition-related costs and retention bonus expense||(1,028)||(1,308)|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||(415)||(409)|
|Expense on abandoned operating leases||(521)||(559)|
|Change in fair value of earn-out liability||(5,000)||(5,300)|
|Non-GAAP total operating expenses||$55,759||$51,405|
|Interest and other income (expense), net||$351||$(1,114)|
|Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements||(1,029)||(1,907)|
|Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes||10||1,954|
|Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net||$(668)||$ (1,067)|
Reconciliation of GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates to Non-GAAP Forward-Looking Estimates
|2023 First Quarter Outlook||Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023
|Forward-looking operating costs and expenses||$103.7||$99.7|
|Stock-based compensation expense||(12.6)||(12.6)|
|Amortization of acquired intangible assets||(4.1)||(4.1)|
|Forward-looking Non-GAAP operating costs and expenses||$87.0||$83.0|
|Forward-looking interest and other income (expense), net||$ 0.3||$0.3|
|Interest income related to significant financing component from fixed-fee patent and technology licensing arrangements||(0.9)||(0.9)|
|Non-cash interest expense on convertible notes||0.1||0.1|
|Forward-looking Non-GAAP interest and other income (expense), net||$(0.5)||$(0.5)|